What is Bioheat?
Biodiesel is a domestic, renewable fuel for diesel engines derived from natural oils like soybean oil, and which meets the specifications of ASTM D 6751. Biodiesel can be used in any concentration with petroleum based diesel fuel in existing diesel engines with little or no modification. Biodiesel is not the same thing as raw vegetable oil. It is produced by a chemical process that removes the glycerin from the oil.
Bioheat BenefitsBiodiesel contains virtually no sulfur or aromatics, and use of biodiesel in a conventional diesel engine results in substantial reduction of unburned hydrocarbons, carbon monoxide and particulate matter. A U.S. Department of Energy study showed that the production and use of biodiesel, compared to petroleum diesel, resulted in a 78.5% reduction in carbon dioxide emissions. Moreover, biodiesel has a positive energy balance. For every unit of energy needed to produce a gallon of biodiesel, at least 4.5 units of energy are gained.
American Benefits:Bioheat can be grown on American soil which helps to support our nation’s farmers and reduce our dependence on foreign oil.
Environmental Benefits:Bioheat reduces the effects of global warming. 500 million gallons of bioheat takes 700,000 cars off the road.
Home Benefits:Unlike conventional heating oil that burns in your home, bioheat more cleanly and acts as a lubricant to help your furnace operate more effectively.
NYC BioHeat Mandate:In August 2011, Mayor Bloomberg and City Council Speaker Christine Quinn announced an agreement on Intro 194-A which will work to improve air quality in New York City. This new mandate will require heating oil to contain less pollutants, thus making the air more clean for residents to breathe. Under Intro 194-A, beginning on October 1, 2012, New York City will require the amount of sulfur in Number 4 heating oil to be capped at 1,500 parts per million, reducing the current cap by half. By October 1, 2012, Intro 194-A will require all heating oil to contain at least 2% biodiesel fuel.
Bioheat Legislative Issues:The National Biodiesel Board (NBB) has listed information on national legislation surrounding Bioheat.
Bioheat Myths & Facts
Biodiesel is one of the most thoroughly tested alternative fuels on the market. A number of independent studies have been completed with the results showing biodiesel performs similar to petroleum diesel while benefiting the environment and human health compared to diesel. That research includes studies performed by the U.S. Department of Energy, the U.S. Department of Agriculture, Stanadyne Automotive Corp. (the largest diesel fuel injection equipment manufacturer in the U.S.), Lovelace Respiratory Research Institute, and Southwest Research Institute. Biodiesel is the first and only alternative fuel to have completed the rigorous Health Effects testing requirements of the Clean Air Act. Biodiesel has been proven to perform similarly to diesel in more 50 million successful road miles in virtually all types of diesel engines, countless off-road miles and countless marine hours. Currently more than 300 major fleets use the fuel.
One of the major advantages of biodiesel is the fact that it can be used in existing engines and fuel injection equipment with little impact to operating performance. Biodiesel has a higher cetane number than U.S. diesel fuel. In more than 50 million miles of in-field demonstrations, B20 showed similar fuel consumption, horsepower, torque, and haulage rates as conventional diesel fuel. Biodiesel also has superior lubricity and it has the highest BTU content of any alternative fuel (falling in the range between #1 and #2 diesel fuel).