Food trucks in New York City are becoming very popular and operate throughout the entire city.These trucks usually run diesel engine trucks and diesel generators making them a great candidate for the conversion to biodiesel. Biodiesel is a cleaner burning fuel that would help reduce the city’s greenhouse gas emissions. Empire Clean Cities conducted an investigation on the feasibility of promoting the use of biodiesel in NYC food trucks. The United Soybean Board funded this project.
Biodiesel is a domestically produced, renewable fuel that can be manufactured from vegetable oils, animal fats, or recycled restaurant grease. It is a cleaner-burning replacement for petroleum diesel fuel. It is nontoxic and biodegradable.
Biodiesel is a liquid fuel made up of fatty acid alkyl esters, fatty acid methyl esters, or long-chain mono alkyl esters. Like petroleum diesel, biodiesel is used to fuel compression-ignition engines, which run on petroleum diesel. See the chart for biodiesel’s physical characteristics.
The cold-flow properties of biodiesel blends vary depending on the amount of biodiesel in the blend. The smaller the percentage of biodiesel in the blend, the better it performs in cold temperatures. Regular No. 2 diesel and B5 perform about the same in cold weather. Both biodiesel and No. 2 diesel have some compounds that crystallize in very cold temperatures. In winter weather, manufacturers combat crystallization in No. 2 diesel by adding flow improvers. For the best cold weather performance, drivers should use B20 made with No. 2 diesel manufactured for cold weather.
-Runs in ALL conventional diesel engines
-Reduces lifecycle greenhouse gases by 86%
-Biodiesel is a safe American made fuel
-Biodiesel is made from vegetable oils, waste animal fat, or used cooking oil
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